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Scotland’s soils are an important natural resource. They play an essential part in all of our lives, providing us with a wide range of benefits. Some of these benefits are obvious, like growing food, while many are less clear, like filtering water, reducing flood risk and influencing climate.
This website provides data and information on Scotland’s soils. You can look at a range of maps and download the data associated with these maps. We also point to other useful sources of data and information. You can find out about what soils do for us, how well they do it and what happens when they are damaged.
National coverage of the main soil types across Scotland
The distribution of carbon and peatland classes across the whole of Scotland
Provides information on how well a piece of land could grow crops
Provides information on how well a piece of land could grow trees
Information for agriculture, forestry, planners & developers
Information for teachers about soil
Help us learn more about soil erosion by telling us where you see it, what you think caused it, and where the eroded soil is now.
The state of Scotland’s soil report pulls together soil information from a variety of sources.
It looks at the benefits soils provide, the processes that damage soils and the effects that damaged soils can have on people, the economy and the wider environment.
Soil with a pH of less than 7.
Poorly drained lowland soils with an organic surface layer more than 50 cm thick. Basin peat generally forms at low levels in distinct depressions.
Relatively thick soils, rich in calcium carbonate.