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Scotland has a wide variety of different soil types. This is because our soils are created from a wide variety of rocks and sediments by a range of processes controlled by the climate and where the soil sits in the landscape.

This section provides additional information to support the Soils in Scotland section of this website.


Our soils

How do our soils form?

National scale reporting on Scotland’s soils

Regional / topical reporting

  • British Geological Survey (BGS)
  • Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH) - Information services including land cover, hydrology of soil types
  • Regulatory and compliance monitoring - Scottish Environment Protection Agency (SEPA) - Environmental data including atmospheric deposition, waste
  • Scottish Natural Heritage (SNH) - National Peatland Plan

Soil protection – policy framework


State of Scotland's soil

Reviews and reports that tell us about the state of our soils

Soil function and ecosystem services

Trends and historical change


Soil monitoring

Soil survey and monitoring resources

Monitoring activities

Examples of research outputs relating to monitoring

Soil indicators

Soil and water quality

Soil and waste

Soil and peat/carbon

Soil and erosion

Soil and people

Soil and biodiversity

Organisations that collect and publish data and information on soil in Scotland include:

Find out more on Scottish Government funded research.

This page was last updated on 04 Apr 2017

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