Soils also play a role in regulating our climate. This section provides information to help you understand the importance of soils in the wider environmental context. It will also help you evaluate the impact of proposed developments on soils and the environmental processes they control.
The National Planning Framework, Scottish Planning Policy and Development Plans are the cornerstones of the planning system. We need to enable good development in the right place and of the right design and quality, taking into account national planning policy, so that our environment is suitably protected and enhanced. Proper consideration of soils through the planning system is part of this.
Find out more about Scotland's planning system at the Scottish Government's Planning webpages.
Development plan policies are expected to highlight the importance and non-renewable nature of soils, providing criteria against which development proposals may be considered; and providing a framework for enhancement. Development briefs and other forms of supplementary guidance should also include specific recommendations on the coverage and evaluation of effects on soil.
Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) seeks to ensure that the environmental effects of public plans and strategies are fully considered throughout their preparation and that adoption includes specific soil considerations. You can find out more about SEA in the Scottish Government’s SEA webpages. You can find out more about how to take account of soil in SEA in SEPA's Guidance on consideration of soil in Strategic Environmental Assessment.
Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) seeks to ensure that the environmental effects of major projects are fully investigated, understood and taken into account before decisions are made on whether they should proceed.
EIA screening and scoping procedures, as well as the assessment process itself, should fully consider the effects of developments on soil. The assessment and after-use of previously developed sites should include consideration of soils and the development control process (including the use of planning conditions and agreements) and should fully reflect the range of effects (both positive and negative) on soil during construction, operation and decommissioning. EIA should use available soil information to assess the extent of resources, but this should also be complemented by more detailed field observations to assess the impact of the development and work out options for restoration or mitigation.
You can also consult resources for Forests and woodlands for information on woodland restoration.
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